The big bang theory argues that the universe began in a tiny, infinitely hot and dense point called a singularity, which contained all of the mass, energy and space in our universe. This then exploded 13.8 billion years ago and began rapidly expanding, spreading out energy and space and began to cool.
Within a fraction of a second, the universe grew from smaller than a single atom to bigger than a galaxy. Some of it turned into helium and hydrogen gas, which formed stars and galaxies.
This theory uses the observation of red shift, meaning that as an object moves away from earth, its colour rays look more like the colour red because the light wavelength is stretched. The more red shift there is, the faster the object is moving away, and by measuring this, scientists argue that the universe is expanding. As most things become cooler as they expand, scientists assume the universe began very small and hot.
The big bang theory was actually first proposed by George Lemaître in 1927, a Belgian Catholic priest (please see our page on Catholicism for more information about their heretical teachings). He began the theory that the universe was expanding from somewhere and some point in time.
In 1951, Pope Pius XII embraced this and declared that the big bang theory was compatible alongside the Catholic view of creation. In 2014, Pope Francis said that the big bang theory supports evidence of a divine creator, arguing that God created the world through the big bang theory and directed the processes of evolution (please see later in this page for why this is illogical, as well as our evolution page).
Not only did the big bang theory originate within the Catholic church, it has always been pushed by Catholicism in disregard for the Bible’s clear teachings on creation.
Isn’t the big bang theory proven?
Despite popular scientific teachings, the big bang theory is just a theory. It is not an observable event that scientists can repeat, or that they have conclusive evidence for. It is a hypothesis based on speculation about the universe, and is therefore not proven. A few arguments why the big bang theory is false will be given below.
First of all, the most obvious problem with the big bang theory is the question of what existed before. The big bang theory requires a ‘singularity’ to explode, but what brought this into existence? How long did it exist for? Did it always exist? Is this possible? What caused it to explode? What existed before this? How did matter just begin to exist? These questions cannot be answered by the big bang theory, but are rather satisfied by the existence of an eternal creator God.
If something is spinning clockwise and pieces of it fly off, these pieces will also spin off clockwise. Imagine children on a roundabout, if the speed picks up enough that they fall off, they will be thrown in the same direction the roundabout is spinning. This is called the law of conservation of angular momentum. However, the big bang theory proposes that the universe began as a spinning dot, and yet Venus, Uranus and possibly Pluto spin the reverse way from the other planets. Also, 8 of the 91 moons rotate backwards, where Jupiter, Saturn and Uranus all have moons that spin in different directions. Some whole galaxies spin backwards.
If all of our universe exploded from the same matter, why is the sun made of 98% hydrogen and helium but Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars are less than 1% hydrogen and helium? If the planets were all created in the same way, why are they all made up of such different elements and have such different appearances?
If the universe was created in one big bang from a single dot, would all the matter not be distributed evenly? It would make sense logically that if everything exploded from the same minuscule point that it would be thrust out evenly. So why do we have areas of space with clusters of stars, and then areas of huge voids?
The big bang theory says that matter (hydrogen and helium) was created from energy as the universe expanded. In physics, when matter is created from energy, the reaction also produces an equal amount of antimatter, which is similar to matter but has a reversed charge. According to this rule, the big bang should have produced equal matter and antimatter, but our universe is composed almost entirely of matter with only very small amounts of antimatter. If there were equal amounts, life would have been impossible, so this is clearly a factor of God’s design – the universe was designed with large amounts of matter and little antimatter so that life was possible, whereas if it was the result of the big bang this would not be possible.
The big bang theory violates the first law of thermodynamics, which says that matter and energy can’t be created or destroyed. If the universe was created out of nothing, this clearly depicts matter and energy being created from nothing. It also violates the second law, which says that all matter has a natural tendency to move towards disorder (entropy). The big bang theory supposes that an explosion created matter which then moved towards perfect order. To follow the second law of thermodynamics, the big bang would have caused all matter to be randomly distributed throughout the universe, rather than forming galaxies and planets.
As we look into the universe, we are looking light years away. This is supposed to represent distance, so as we look a thousand years away, we can see the universe as it existed a thousand years ago, because this has taken a thousand years to reach us. If the big bang theory occurred 13.8 billion years ago, the further we look back into the universe, the closer to the big bang we should be able to see. However, so far we have been able to see at least 13.2 billion light years away, but we see fully formed stars and planets just like we have today, rather than an early pre-formed universe.
Can’t the big bang theory work alongside the Bible?
In short, no. The big bang theory is a secular story of the origin of the universe, and is an alternative to the Biblical creation story, not an accompaniment. Some of the differences are:
- The Bible teaches a six day creation by God several thousand years ago, the big bang theory teaches an instantaneous explosion and an evolution of the universe over billions of years.
- The Bible teaches the earth was created before the stars, the big bang theory teaches the stars were formed before the earth.
- The Bible teaches plants were created before the sun, the big bang theory teaches that the sun was formed before the plants.
- The Bible teaches the seas were created by God on the fifth day, the big bang theory teaches that the first oceans took around 11 billion years to form after the initial explosion.
- The Bible teaches the earth was created with the paradise of the Garden of Eden, the big bang theory teaches that it was formed as an empty rock.